[Blue Dolphins Containers] have “Inspection Course Certificate” from IICL
was established in 1971, as containerization was just emerging as a transportation system. With the experience gained with first generation of ships and containers, it became apparent that safety and equipment quality were major components of the system. The IICL was instrumental in the development of the International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC), the international agreement for maintaining containers in safe condition, the Approved Continuous Examination Programmes (ACEP), and of the Harmonized Interpretation of the CSC with the International Maritime Organization. In the United States, the Institute worked with the U.S. State Department and Coast Guard in formulating the CSC regulations and the U.S. Safe Container Act that implemented the convention.
Through the Tax and Legal Committee, IICL worked closely with the U.S. Treasury in preparation of the Model Double Taxation Treaty that seeks to avoid potential multiple taxation of containers in many countries. The Committee has dealt with customs issues around the world to ensure that containers continue to move freely as an instrument of international trade. This activity has included monitoring developments under the Customs Conventions on Containers (1956 and 1972) and regulations in the U.S., the E.U. and other countries.
IICL has taken a leadership role in the container standards activities of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and its national affiliates, most recently in development and maintenance of codes used in electronic and transmission of maintenance and repair of containers. The Institute enjoys consultative status in the IMO, the UN Economic and Social Council and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Laws, Regulations, Conventions and Standards
Container and chassis are covered by laws, regulations, conventions and standards on both an international and national basis. Many of the international conventions have been established under the umbrella of the United Nations and its sponsored organizations. National laws and regulations have been developed to apply the international conventions and national requirements. The following is a list of the primary conventions, laws, regulations and standards that apply to containers and chassis:
Customs Convention on Containers, 1972
Entered into Force: December 6, 1975
Oversight: World Customs Organization (WCO)
Synopsis: Recognizes containers as Instruments of International Traffic (IIT) and establishes framework for containers to be used in international transportation.
TIR Convention, 1975
Entered into Force: 1977
Synopsis: Establishes framework for International transport by road
International Convention for Safe Containers, 1972 (CSC)
Entered into Force: September 6, 1977
Oversight: International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Synopsis: The 1972 Convention for Safe Containers has two goals. One is to maintain a high level of safety of human life in the transport and handling of containers by providing generally acceptable test procedures and related strength requirements. The other is to facilitate the international transport of containers by providing uniform international safety regulations, equally applicable to all modes of surface transport. In this way, proliferation of divergent national safety regulations can be avoided.
The International Organization for Standardization’s (ISO) International Standards for freight containers and chassis have allowed “the box” to become the backbone of global supply chains. To date, over 30 International Standards exist in this domain. They cover a wide variety of aspects of different types of freight containers that include air/surface/(intermodal) containers, containers on board vessels, tank containers, platform and platform-based containers.
Entered into Force: 2009
Oversight: US Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
Synopsis: Establishes regulatory requirements for safe operation, inspection, repair and maintenance of intermodal chassis in the United States
U.S. Roadability Legislation (See Section 4118, Roadability)
Roadability Regulations for Intermodal Equipment Providers (Roadability)
U.S. Safe Port Act of 2006
Entered into Force: 2006
Oversight: US Department of Homeland Security
Synopsis: Establishes certain regulatory security requirements for the operation of intermodal containers in the United States
Security and Accountability For Every Port Act of 2006